The global forging industry is advancing by leaps and bounds. It is estimated that the global forging market will expand at 4.4% CAGR during the period 2017-2025, to reach its worth at $96433.7mn by 2025. Moreover, the automotive industry currently uses 65% of the total forging products manufactured in the world. The facts show that there is an increasing demand for metal forge globally.
It is much preferred in high precision industries like aerospace, automotive, water circulation, fire systems, and automation to name a few.
So what makes forged products a preferred choice across industries? Listed below is a compiled list of benefits of using metal forge.
Strong and reliable
No other metalworking processes can ensure the superior strength of forged metal parts. The high strength is a result of the tight grain structure of the forged metal. The ductility, reliability, and strength of forged products go beyond the casted, fabricated and welded products. This is often a reason for forged products to find its application in industries in which human safety is crucial. Moreover, forged products can maintain its performance on a wider temperature range due to the grain structure.
Forging has a significant cost advantage, particularly in precision metal manufacturing in high volume production runs. The materials used in forging are less expensive when compared with other materials used in metalworking processes. Furthermore, it requires fewer secondary operations in most cases. Given to the high precision metal manufacturing, the finish material can be obtained with exact dimension and good surface finish. Hence, it requires very low machining giving a way to cost-effectiveness.
The biggest advantage of machine forging is that most of the metals can be forged into the desired shape. The forging process can be applied to any type of metal. Each metal comes with a distinct set of characteristics that can be best used for specific parts depending on the requirement. Some of the common forged metals are aluminum, alloy, stainless steel, brass, carbon, titanium, copper, brass, etc. In industries that require high temperature, alloys that contain cobalt, molybdenum or nickel can be used. By using strong forged metals, industries can reduce usage of expensive alloys to achieve high strength components.
Better metallurgical properties
Sometimes selective heating and non-uniform cooling that take place in the machines may lead to failure of a particular part. The final product obtained in the forging process does not have any internal voids and have superior grain flow. The forging process reduces the occurrence of shrinkage and porosity which is commonly seen in casted products. Therefore, the chances of unexpected failure under stress or temperature differences are negotiated in machine forging.
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